Readings in Permaculture, Ecological Design, and Pattern Literacy
From Toby Hemmenway
General Permaculture Books
The Best of Permaculture: A Collection. Lindegger and Tap, ed.
Nascimanere Nambour. Great stuff from the first 10 years or so of
Earth User’s Guide to Permaculture. Morrow, Rosemary. Simon & Schuster,
2000. An informal introduction to permaculture by an experienced
Edible Forest Gardens. Jacke, David and Eric Toensmeier. Chelsea Green,
2006. Simply the best book on forest gardens, comprehensive and
readable. A good all-round permaculture book for temperate climates.
The Future is Abundant: A guide to sustainable agriculture. Korn,
Snyder and Musick, ed. Tilth, 1982. OP, needs to be re-done. The first
bioregional (US PNW) permaculture handbook.
Gaia’s Garden: A Guide to Home-Scale Permaculture. Toby Hemenway.
Chelsea Green, 2001. Easy to use and understand tour through the
Introduction to Permaculture. Slay, Reny, and Mollison, Bill. Tagari 91
Tyalgum. An intro from the founder, includes a concise listing of
Living Community. Haggard, Ben. Center for the Study of Community, 4018
Old Santa Fe Trail, Santa Fe NM, 87505. The evolution of a premier
permaculture site, written by a master designer.
Permaculture: A Designers’ Manual (alternate subtitle: A Practical
Guide for a Sustainable Future) Mollison, Bill. Island Press Covelo,
CA, 1990. A comprehensive study guide; the bible of permaculture
The Permaculture Garden. Bell, Graham. Thorson’s, 1994. A
British-oriented introduction to permaculture gardening techniques.
The Permaculture Way. Graham Bell. Thorsons, London 1992. Simple
explanation of permaculture in action. Good examples.
Travels In Dreams. Bill Mollison. Tagari 1996. Engaging memoir with
stories, stories, stories by the man behind permaculture.
The Western (Australia) Permaculture Manual. Brown, David, ed.
Cornucopia, Subiaco, West Australia 1989. From philosophy to
nitty-gritty region specific, untidy early Pc from the trenches, OP
Ecology and Whole Systems
At Home in the Universe. Oxford, 1995. Kauffman shows how life
inevitably will emerge when there is sufficient complexity.
Ecological Design. Van der Ryn, Sim, and Stuart Cowan. Island, 1996.
The essential concepts of ecological design.
The Ecology of Urban Habitats. Wheater, C. Philip. Routledge, London,
1999. Though written for a British audience, this book contains a
wealth of information about urban ecology: succession, soils, animals,
microclimates, and more.
Fundamentals of Ecology. Odum, Eugene, P. W. B. Saunders, 1971. An
early textbook on the basics of ecology, in depth.
A Hierarchical View of Ecosystems. O’Neill, R. V. Princeton, 1986. An
advanced look at how ecosystems function.
Holistic Resource Management. Savory, Alan. Island, 1988. The central
work of a school of sustainability developed in parallel with
permaculture. Good biblio which includes personal growth.
Noah’s Garden: Restoring the Ecology of Our Own Back Yards. Stein,
Sara. Houghton Mifflin, 1995. A well-written and compelling plea for
allowing nature back into our yards, full of natural history.
The Origins of Order. Kauffman, Stuart. Oxford, 1994. A dense and
scholarly treatment of the ideas expressed in At Home in the Universe.
Out of Control .Kelly, Kevin. Addison Wesley, 1994. How our new
understanding of biology is transforming both ecology and economics.
The Web of Life. Capra, Fritjof. Doubleday, 1996. An engaging account
of how the new sciences of complexity and self-organization are
affecting our understanding of living systems.
Design with Nature. McHarg, Ian. Wiley, 1992. Innovative techniques for
appropriate landscape design using map overlays.
Landscape Graphics. Reid, Grant W. Whitney Library of Design, 1987.
Excellent introduction to professional landscape drawing.
By Nature’s Design. Neill, William, and Pat Murphy. Chronicle, 1993.
Stunning photographs and clear explanations of nature’s patterns.
The Fractal Geometry of Nature. Mandelbrot, Benoit. W.H. Freeman & Co,
1983. Key insights into natural patterns by the developer of the
Metapatterns. Volk, Tyler. Columbia, 1995. Very compatible with
Mollison’s pattern writings.
On Growth and Form. Thompson, D’arcy Wentworth. Dover, 1992. A
magisterial text on how the shapes and patterns in nature are formed; a
classic in the field.
A Pattern Language. Alexander, Christopher. Oxford NY 1977 Design for
human building and settlements using patterns derived from successful
Patterns in Nature. Stevens, Peter S. Little, Brown & Co., 1974. A
review of the common classes of patterns found in nature.
Changes in the Land. Cronon, William. Hill and Wang (McGraw-Hill) NY,
1989 (Toronto) Indians, colonists, and the ecology of New England, a
foundation work on the managed ecology of pre-Columbian N. America
The History of The Countryside. Rackham, Oliver. Weidenfeld and
Nicolson, 1995. About Britain, and full of info about traditional land
What are People For? Berry, Wendell. Poet Berry is concerned equally
with culture and agriculture.
The Spell of the Sensuous: Perception and Language in a More-than-Human
World. Abram, David. Pantheon, 1996. Complex and careful thinking about
how language shapes our senses.
Water, Ponds, Catchment, and Aquaculture
The Challenge of Landscape. P.A. Yeomans. . The development and
practice of keyline land management.
Design and Construction of Small Earth Dams. Nelson, K.D. Inkata
Melbourne. Best book on the subject.
Earth Ponds. Matson, Tim. Countryman. Very available, and there is also
a workbook. Misses much that you’ll find in McClarney, Yeomans and
Nelson, but will help you avoid many mistakes.
Farming in Ponds and Dams. Romanowski, Nick. Lothian, 1994. Real
aquaculture stuff from an opinionated pro. Australian but current and
The Freshwater Aquaculture Book. McClarney, William. Hartley & Marks,
Getting Food from Water: A Guide to Backyard Aquaculture. Gene Logsdon
1978 A good lay-persons guide. One of the best illustrated books on the
Living Water. Olaf Alexandersson. Viktor Schauberger’s theories on
water. Can be a bit out there for some folks but an interesting read.
Rainwater Harvesting. Pacey, Arnold, and Adrian Cullis. Intermediate
Technology, 1996. Many techniques for using rainwater.
Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands, Vols, 1 & 2. Lancaster, Brad.
Comprehensive, theory and practice, and not just for drylands. Highly
Sensitive Chaos. Theodore Schwenk. Combines the scientific and the
esoteric for an excellent approach to how water interacts with life.
Water: A Primer. Leopold, Luna. Freeman, 1974. An intro to hydrology
for designers working with streams and dams. By Aldo’s boy.
Water For Every Farm. P. A and Ken Yeomans. A revised guide to using
the keyline system.
The Albrecht Papers. Albrecht, William A. Acres USA, 1996. Somewhat
quirky collection of papers by a soil scientist with vision.
Dirt: the Ecstatic Skin of the Earth. William Bryant Logan (Riverhead,
1995). A literate excursion into the life of the soil and of those who
Earthworms for Ecology and Profit. Gaddie, Ronald, and Donald Douglas.
Bookworm, 1977. One of the best books on worm composting and worm beds.
Feed the Soil. Edwin McLeod. Organic Ag. Research Institute 1982.
Resource to understand how natural ag. works and putting it into
practice. Focus on green manure crops and nitrogen fixers.
The Gardener’s Guide to Better Soil. Logsden, Gene. Rodale, Emmaus, PA
1976. Soil fertility, composting, soil science.
The Nature and Properties of Soils. Brady, Nyle C. Prentice-Hall, 1996.
This major textbook on soils covers the whole subject in depth.
Soil and Health: An Agricultural Testament. Howard, Sir Albert. Rodale,
Emmaus, PA 1976. Written in the 1930s; 25 years of research by the man
who coined the term “organic agriculture”
Soil Management. Dalzell, H.W., FAO, Rome, 1987. “Compost production
and use in tropical and subtropical environments” My favorite compost
book because it covers production ag systems in places w/o machinery,
very applicable to those of us working small-scale in the US.
Start with the Soil. Gershuny, Grace. Rodale, 1993. A superb handbook
on the how and why of creating great soil.
The Soul of the Soil: A Guide to Ecological Soil Management. Grace
Gershuny and J. Smillie 1986.
Greywater and Waste Management
The Composting Toilet System Book. Del Porto, David and Steinfeld,
Carol, CEPP, ’99. Excellent reference on the subject by leaders in the
Create an Oasis With Greywater. Ludwig, Art. 5 San Marcos Trout Club
Rd., Santa Barbara CA 93105 (805)967-3222. Art is a permaculturist who
has developed household cleansers for greywater systems.
The Toilet Papers. Sim Van der Ryn. 1978. Capra Press, Santa Barbara.
Excellent book on composting human manure
Gardening, Farming, and Plant Guides
American Horticultural Society Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Brickell,
Christopher. MacMillan, 1990. An illustrated guide to most common
plants, with thousands of photos.
Bamboo in the U.S. R.A. Young. USDA Handbook #193 (OP) Wash. DC 1961.
Description, culture and utilization, a foundation book.
The Beautiful Food Garden Encyclopedia of Attractive Food Plants.
Gessert, Kate Rogers. Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1983. How to landscape
with good-looking vegetables.
The Book of Bamboo. Farrelly, David. Sierra Club, 1984. A thoughtful
and thorough investigation into the culture, varieties, and uses of
Breed Your Own Vegetable Varieties. Deppe, Carol. Little, Brown, ’93.
Good plant breeding book. How to stabilize patented hybrids and similar
Buffalo Bird Woman’s Garden. Wilson, Gilbert Minnesota Hist.Soc. St.
Paul’87. Traditional Hidatsa agricultural methods; a look at the first
farmers of N.Am.
City Food. Wade, Isabel. Urban Resource Systems, 1986. “Crop selection
in 3rd World Cities” Has a great biblio.
Colour Schemes for the Flower Garden. Jekyll, Gertrude. Ayer, 1983. One
of several classic books by Jekyll on garden design.
The Complete Book of Edible Landscaping. Creasy, Rosalind. Sierra Club,
1982. The foundation book that brought vegetables into the front yard.
Complete Book of Herbs and Spices. Sarah Garland. 1979. A Studio Book.
Viking Press N.Y. A definitive guide to herbs and spices with great
illustrations, stories, and recipes
Common Weeds of the United States. United States Department of
Agriculture. Dover, 1971. A good technical guide to 224 species of
weeds, with clear drawings. Organized by plant family, so it requires a
little botanical knowledge.
Cornucopia II: A Source Book of Edible Plants. Facciola, Stephen.
Kampong, 1998. A comprehensive list and description of edible flora.
Designing and Maintaining Your Edible Landscape. Kourik, Robert.
Metamorphic Press. Zone 1 design and implementation. Wonderful! OP,
maybe available still from Dan Hemenway, Barking Frogs Pc.
Farmers of Forty Centuries. King, F.H. Rodale Emmaus, PA. Traditional
Chinese agriculture by an early agro-tourist.
Ferment and Human Nutrition. Bill Mollison Tagari Publications,
Tyalgum, Australia, 1993.
Fertility Pastures. Turner, Newman. Bargyla Rateaver. Pauma Valley CA,
1974. polyculture pastures for restoring soil.
The Food Lover’s Garden. Pellegrini, Angelo. Knopf N.Y. 1970. A
much-loved English professor from Seattle, born an Italian peasant. He
understood microclimate well.
Four-Season Harvest. Coleman, Eliot. Chelsea Green, 1999. How to extend
the growing season to the whole year, even in northern climates.
Fruit, Berry and Nut Inventory. Whealy, Kent, ed. Seed savers Exchange,
RR3, Box 239 Decorah, Iowa 52101. a listing of all varieties available
by mail in the US
The Ghosts Of Evolution: Nonsensical Fruit, Missing Partners, And Other
Ecological Anachronisms. Connie Barlow. How surviving plants are clues
to vanished ecological relationships. For designing systems for humans
The Grafter’s Handbook. Robert Garner 1979. One of the best books on
grafting; a classic.
Greening the Garden. Jason, Dan New Society, 1991 A gardening book by
the owner of Saltspring Seeds. A good emphasis on grains and legumes
for the W. Coast Maritime climate.
Herbs of the Pacific Northwest. Ross H Penhallen. OSU Extension
Bulletin #LC406. 65 page comprehensive guide to the growing of herbs.
High-Yield Gardening. Hunt, Marjorie. Rodale, 1986. A superb guide to
extending the growing season, high-density planting, and getting more
from the garden.
How to Grow More Vegetables Than You Ever Thought Possible on Less Land
Than You Can Imagine. Jeavons, John. Ten Speed, 1991. Bio-intensive
(and labor-intensive) techniques that boost production; useful but the
claimed yields are hard to match.
Lost Crops of the Incas. National Academy Press Wash. DC 1989.
Little-known plants of the Andes with promise for worldwide cultivation.
Master Gardener’s Handbook. Oregon State Extension Service 1993 EM
8442. Basic book that covers many aspects of gardening, plant care and
The Mulch Book: A Complete Guide for Gardeners. Campbell, Stu, and
Donna Moore. Storey Books, 1991. A good introduction to mulching.
The Natural Habitat Garden. Druse, Ken. Potter, 1994. How to create
prairie, meadow, woodland, and wetland gardens using native plants.
The Natural Way of Farming. Masanobu Fukuoka. Rodale Press.
Fukuoka-san’s insights into applying nature’s knowledge to agriculture.
A classic, hard to find.
North American Fruit Explorers Handbook. (NAFEX)
The One-Straw Revolution. Fukuoka, Masanobu. Rodale. Hard to find, but
a crucial foundation text for Pc.
The Orchard Almanac. Steve Page and Joe Smillie. A seasonal guide to
healthy fruit trees. Excellent reference on planting, pruning,
fertilization, organic control of pests, restoring old fruit trees,
IPM, resistant varieties, harvest and storage.
Organic Gardener’s Edible Plants. Creasy, Rosalind. Van Patten, 1993.
Descriptions of over 130 edible ornamental plants.
Organic Plant Protection. Rodale Press,1976. A how-to guide to organic
gardening. Readily found in used bookstores
Organic Tree Fruit Management . Linda Evans. Text book quality.
Plants for a Future: Edible and Useful Plants for a Healthier World.
Fern, Ken. Permanent Publications, 1997. Distributed in the United
States by Chelsea Green Publishing. A British book covering a wide
range of multifunctional plants.
Pruning and Training. Brickell & Joyce, DK, 1996 From the Am. Hort.
Society. The current best, “fully illustrated plant-by-plant manual.”
The Ruth Stout No-Work Garden Book. Stout, Ruth Rodale also, How to
Have a Green Thumb Without an Aching Back. OP foundation texts of Pc
gardening, deep mulching.
The Scythe Book. Tressemer, David. By Hand and Foot, Ltd. Available now
only from the Marug Co., Tracy City, TN; how to use and maintain a
Sea Weed Vegetables: Harvesting Guide and Cookbook. Evelyn Mc
Connaughey. A guide to foraging and preparing of free nutritious sea
The Self-Sufficient Gardener. John Seymour. Dolphin Book,s, Doubleday
and Company, Garden City, N.Y. 1980. One of my favorite general garden
books. Excellent colored line drawings, Soil care, propagation,
controlling insects and diseases, harvesting and storage, etc.
Small Scale Grain Raising. Logsdon, Gene. Rodale 1977. Emmaus, PA.
Well-written small-farm info. His latest is The Contrary Farmer.
Stalking the Wild Asparagus. Gibbons, Euell McKay N.Y. 1971 all his
books are useful; Euell was managing his local wild ecologies long ago.
Stocking Up. Carol Hupping Stoner. Rodale Press 1977. Food preservation
techniques: fruits, vegies, dairy products, meat and fish, nuts seeds
and grains. Favorite all-around food prep. book
Subsistence Agriculture Improvement. Goeltenboth, Friedhelm, ed.
Margraf, Weikersheim, 1990. “A manual for the humid Tropics”, it has an
aid worker’s viewpoint, and thereby applicable to other climates as
Successful Small-Scale Farming: an organic approach. by Karl Schwenke,
Storey, 1991. Good for some of the best of traditional and more modern
field techniques, incl. using old equipment and good directions on
contour terracing. Lots of illustrations.
Underexploited Tropical Plants with Promising Economic Value. National
Academy of Sciences Wash. DC 1975.
Weeds and What They Tell. Pfeiffer, Ehrenfried. Bio-Dynamic Farming &
Garden Association, 1981. How to use weeds to assess the type and
fertility of the local soil.
Weeds: Guardians of the Soil. Cocannouer, Joseph. Devin-Adair, 1950.
Describes the role of weeds useful crops and as indicators of
fertility, with much historical lore.
Western Fruit, Berries and Nuts. Lance Walheim & Robert Stebbins.
Wetland Plants of Oregon and Washington. Guard, Jennifer. Lone Pine,
1995. A very useful new-wave field guide, includes an illustrated
Winter Gardening in the Maritime Northwest. Binda Colebrook. A guide to
growing vegetables between October and May. Site selection, variety
choices, when to plant and harvest. Explanation of common winter crop
pests and diseases. Excellent resource!
Biopiracy. Vandana Shiva. Biotech and what it is doing to seed savers.
The New Seed-Starters Handbook. by Nancy Bubel. 1988. Excellent guide
to starting a variety of vegies, fruits, trees, grains, herbs, etc.
Also on seed-saving.
Seed to Seed. Ashworth, Suzanne. Seed Saver’s Exchange, Rt. 3 Box 239
Decorah, Iowa 52101. Seed saving techniques for the vegetable grower.
Return To Resistance. Raoul Robinson. AgAccess. One of the most
permaculturally correct books on plant breeding, entry-level in
Gardening to Attract Wildlife
America’s Neighborhood Bats. Tuttle, Merlin. An entry level eco-action
American Wildlife and Plants A Guide to Wildlife Food Habitats.
Alexander Martin, Herbert S. Zim, Arnold Nelson Dover Press 1951. Food
and feeding habits of more than 1000 migratory birds and mammals and
the relationship to each other; Plants for wildlife food; huge and
A Guide To Bird Homes. Scott Shalaway. PO Box 110 Marietta, Ohio 45750.
Rich in descriptions of what birds like what type of nesting and
roosting space. Adequate plans for nesting boxes and predator baffles.
The basics of who, what, where, when, and how.
How to Attract Birds. McKinley, Ortho Books, 1999. Instructions for
attracting specific birds with plants and The National Wildlife
Federation’s Guide to Gardening for Wildlife. Craig Tufts Craig and
Peter Loewer. Rodale, 1995. How to provide garden habitat for birds,
insects, and nocturnal animals.
The Hummingbird Garden. Tekulsky, Mathew. Crown, 1986. A guide to
cultivating plants that attract these flying jewels; one of the best on
National Audubon Society Bird Garden. Kress, Stephen M. DK, 1995.
Designs and plants for gardens that provide food, water, cover, and
nesting sites for birds.
The National Wildlife Federation’s Guide to Gardening for Wildlife.
Tufts, Craig and Peter Loewer. Rodale, 1995. How to provide garden
habitat for birds, insects, and nocturnal animals.
The Wildlife Garden. Seidenberg, Charlotte. University of Mississippi,
1995. An introduction to wildlife habitat gardening with examples of
The Wildlife Gardener. Dennis, John V. Knopf, 1985. A good introduction
to creating gardens for wildlife habitat.
Native Plants (Northwest USA)
Gardening With Natives of the Pacific Northwest. Arthur Kruckenberg.
Good descriptions NW plants, how to propagate and their landscape uses.
Handbook of Northwestern Plants. Gilkey. Complete book of plants native
to the area from the summit of the Cascade Range to the coastline of
Washington and Oregon, to the south line of Lane County.
Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast. Pojar and Mackinnon. One of the
best books for native plant ID, great color photos.
Plants and Animals of the Pacific Northwest: An illustrated Guide to
the Natural History of Western Washington, Oregon, and B.C.. Eugene
Kozloff. Good info on our native fauna and flora.
Propagation of Pacific Northwest Native Plants. Robin Rose. Very easy
to understand book on propagation. Highly recommended.
Plant Association and Management Guide–Willamette National Forest.
Hemstrom, 1987. US Department of Agriculture. Excellent reference for
guide of guilds utilized in the Willamette National forest.
Wetland Plants of Oregon and Washington. B. Jennifer Guard. Lone Pine
1998. A field guide with photos good glossary and lots of interesting
Forests, Hedgerows, and Tree Crops
Bioengineering for Land Stabilization and Conservation. Hugo Schiechtl
U. of Alberta Press Edmonton, 1980 The foundation text for using live
plants in engineering.
Firewood Crops. National Academy of Sciences Wash. DC 1980. Shrub and
tree species for energy production.
The Forest Farmer’s Handbook: A Guide to Natural Selection Forestry,
Orville Camp. Sky River Press, Ashland, Oregon 1984
Forest Farming. Douglas, J. Sholto, and Robert Hart. Rodale, 1985. A
strong argument for growing trees for food and fodder, with
descriptions of many species; a basic Pc book.
Forest Gardening: Cultivating an Edible Landscape.Hart, Robert. Chelsea
Green, 1996. A personal account of forest garden design by one of the
originators of the field.
Forest Primeval. Maser, Chris. The forest of the PNW, by a
The Handbook for Fruit Explorers. Fishman, Ram. North American Fruit
Explorers, Rt. 1 box 94, Chapin, I1. 62628 (1986) free to new members-
OP but may be re done.
Hedging: A Practical Handbook. BTCV British Trust For Conservation
Volunteers 1988 Wallingford, Oxfordshire. Excellent–tools, species and
techniques. Best material on coppice, management and tree planting I
have seen in one book.
How to Make a Forest Garden. Whitefield, Patrick. Permanent
Publications, 1997. Distributed in the United States by Chelsea Green.
Instructions and ideas for forest gardens, with a British focus but
usable in North America.
A Natural History of Western Trees. Peattie, Donald Culross. Houghton
Mifflin Boston, 1953 Stories and illustrations, a bit of ecology; the
N. H. of Eastern Trees volume is equally good but he died before
completing N. H. of Southern Trees
The Redesigned Forest. Maser, Chris R & E Miles. San Pedro,’88.
Forestry, old and new, in the Northwest.
Restoration Forestry: An International Guide to Sustainable Forestry
Practices. Michael Pilarski,ed.
Saving Our Ancient Forests. Zuckerman, Seth Living Planet Press L.A.
1991. Written to a high school level, fresh style.
Seeing the Forest Among the Trees. Hammond, Herb, Polestar, Vancouver,
1991. Herb is the holistic forestry consultant in BC and this is his
book for the public at large. Good “invisible structure” social info.
Tree Crops: A Permanent Agriculture. Smith, J. Russell. Harper. A
foundation, visionary text for Pc.
Trees on The Treeless Plains. Holmgren, David. 1994. Recommended for
designers doing broadscale work, this book is about Victoria and so the
climate is not inappropriate for PNW conditions. I recommend any of
Wildwood: A Forest Farm for the Future. Ruth Loomis. Pacific Certified
Ecological Forest Products Institute for Sustainable forestry PO Box
1580 Redway, Ca. 95560
Biological Control of Insects and Mites. N.C.R.481. University of
Wisconsin. Coop./ Ext. Publication. 30 Murray St. Rm. 345 Madison, WI.
53715-2609 $9.00 An Introduction to beneficial natural enemies
The Bug Book. Olkowski. Easy to understand book on bugs- lifecycles,
beneficials. Excellent, often found used.
The Butterflies of North America. James A. Scott (1986). The definitive
b-fly text of the moment.
Handbook for Butterfly Watchers. Robert Michael Pyle, Houghton Mifflin,
Boston ’84. Butterflies as indicator species
Natural Enemies Handbook: The Illustrated Guide to Biological Pest
Control. Mary Louise Flint and Steve Dreistadt. “Best ever” practical
guide to insect control. This book will help you find, identify, and
use natural enemies to control pests in almost any agricultural setting.
Encyclopedia of Natural Insect and Disease Control. Yepson, Roger, ed.
Rodale,1984. Natural pest
The Orchard Mason Bee. Brian Griffin Knox Cellars 1607 Knox Ave.
Bellingham, WA 98225 (306) 733-3283 Good little book on Mason Bees.
Also, provider of Adult blue orchard bees (Osmia lignaria) along with
nesting material and educational products.
Rodale’s Color Handbook of Garden Insects. Anna Carr Rodale Press,
Emmaus, Pa 1979. Readily available used. Photographs illustrating
insect (beneficial and 19pest’) life cycles.
ABC of Poultry Raising: A Complete Guide for the Beginner or Expert.
Florea, J, H. Dover, 1977. A standard work on small-scale poultry care.
The American Minor Breeds Notebook. Heise &Christman. The American
Minor Breeds Conservancy POB 477, Pittsboro, NC 27312 rare livestock
with unique characteristics
Chicken Tractor. Lee, Andy Good Earth, 1994 “The Gardener’s guide to
Happy Hens and Healthy Soil.” A second-generation Pc book that goes
beyond Mollison; using animals multifunctinally.
Chickens in Your Backyard: A Beginner’s Guide.Luttmann, Rick, and Gail
Luttmann. Rodale, 1976. A good book on small-scale chicken raising for
The Complete Herbal Handbook for Farm and Stable. de Bairacli Levy,
Juliette Faber and Faber Boston, 1990. A look at traditional knowledge
and the importance of plant diversity to animals.
The Family Cow. van Loon, Dirk. Garden Way
The Forgotten Pollinators. Buchman, Steve, and Nabhan. Island, 1996.
Stories about ecology through the window of pollination, a crucial
link. I recommend any of Gary Nabhan’s books, which mostly center on
the Sonoran desert; this one is of world-wide urgent importance.
Grass Productivity Voisin, Andre. A primary text for rotational grazing.
The Home Duck Flock. Holderread, Dave The Hen House Corvallis, OR 1978
a local expert on waterfowl.
Keepers of the Game. Calvin Luther
The Last Ranch. Bingham, Sam. A year in the San Luis Valley of
Colorado, centering on a few ranchers applying Holistic Resource
Management methods. Well-written by the author of the HRM Workbook, it
begins with a quote from Permaculturist Michael Crowfoot: “Not only are
ecologies more complex than we imagine, they are more complex than we
can imagine” Very highly recommended.
Microlivestock. N A P 1991 “Little-known small animals with a promising
A Natural History of Domesticated Animals. by Juliet Clutton-Brock. All
you could want to know about the wild ancestors of all the domesticated
animals of the world. With extensive references, this book is very
useful if you are designing low-input systems with animals.
Pastured Poultry Profits. Joel Salatin. Production model describes how
to produce an income from small acreage raising poultry. He tells how
anyone can earn $25,000 in 6 months on 20 acres.
The Power of Duck: Integrated Rice and Duck Farming. by Takao Furuno
2001, 94 pp. + 4 color plates, $24 + 10% p&h, Permaculture Activist, PO
Box 1209 Black Mountain, NC 28711
Raising Rabbits the Modern Way.Bennett, Bob. Garden Way, 1980. Good
introduction to rabbits in the backyard.
Salad Bar Beef. Joel Salatin This proven system can yield a superb
profit from a small cow herd regardless of the commodity price of
The Tender Carnivore and the Sacred Game. Paul Shepard. Deep thinking
and poetic writing about our need for relationships with animals; good
for countering anti-meat food dogma.
The Third Chimpanzee. Diamond, Jared. I recommend all of Diamond’s
books because of his wide range of knowledge, which includes genetics,
birds, language and owes much to his long involvement in research in
New Guinea, the area with the greatest human cultural diversity.
Appropriate Technology Sourcebook. Ken and Mike Saxenian. 1986. PO Box
4543 Stanford, CA 94305. Exc. ref. reviews hundreds of publications on
AT from agriculture to disaster preparedness.
The Composting Toilet System Book. Carol Steinfeld. The most complete
book on the subject’s state of the art that I’ve seen.
The Humanure Handbook. Joseph Jenkins, Chelsea Green, 1999. Excellent
guide to composting humane manure.
Landscape Design That Saves Energy. A. Moffat Morrow 1981.
The Integral Urban House: Self-Reliant Living in the City. Helga and
Bill Olkowski 1979 Guide to 19integral’ home design, focusing on energy
Teaching/Children and Nature
Composting Across the Curriculum: A Teacher’s Guide to Composting.
Kathy Ezratty 1993. Marin County Office of Waste Management 10 North
San Pedro Rd. Suite 1022, San Rafael, CA 94903 (415)499-6647 Great
workbook for people of all ages.
The Evolution Book. Sara Stein. Workman Publishing, NY, 1986. The story
of 4,000 million years of life on Earth revealed through observations,
experiments, projects, and investigations.
Exploring the Secrets of the Meadow-Thicket. JoAnne Dennee and Julia
Hand. A Common Roots Guidebook 1994. Observing plants, birds, insects,
and animals and how they interact in the meadow thicket. Songs,
activities, and stories.
Kid’s Nature. Susan Milord. Williams Publishing. Charlette,VT. 365
Indoor and outdoor nature experiences for kids. Springo Tyron Creek
State Park 11321 SW Terwilliger Blvd. Portland, Or 97219 (503)636-4550
Life Lab, Growing Adventure. Life Lab Science Program 1156 High St.
Santa Cruz, Ca. 95064 (408)459-2001 In and outdoor science activities
The Long Haul. Horton, Miles, Anchor, NY, 1990 Autobiography of a union
and civil right organizer who founded the Highlander School. As he
retired the school was becoming involved in bioregional land control
and ecology issues. Good for teachers-aren’t we all?
Sharing Nature With Children. Cornell, Joseph. Ananda, 1979. Teaching
tactics, a classic.
Squirmy Wormy Composters. Bobbie Kalman Crabtree Publ.Co. 1992. My
favorite pix in this book is the kid w/ a worm on his tongue. Really
gets the attention of children to read this! For elementary school age.
The Usborne Complete First Book of Nature. Michael Chinery et.al.
Usborne Ltd. Belgium Publishing Ltd. 1990. Beautifully detailed
illustrations of plants and animals. A serious nature study for the
young and old. I had to special order this but found it one of the best
children’s nature books available.
333 Science Tricks and Experiments. Robert Brown Tab Books, INC. Blue
Ridge Summit, PA 1984. Inexpensive, readily available materials- unique
and unusual experiments
CoHousing. McCamant and Durrent. Habitat/Ten Speed, 1992. The book that
brought the Scandinavian movement to popularity in the US. Lots of
interviews and good design stories.
Intentional Communities. Communities Publication Cooperative 105 Sun
Street Steele Illinois, 60919. This book explains what communities are,
how to choose a community, social action, personal growth through
community, ideas for decision making, community economics, land trusts,
Creating a Life Together: Practical Tools to Grow an Ecovillage or
Intentional Community. New Society, 2003.Diana Leafe Christian.
Stories form the front lines; a toolkit for designing a functional
Ecology of Commerce. Paul Hawken Harper Collins 1993. Ecological
analysis of Business. Practical suggestions
Finding and Buying Your Place In the Country. Dearborn Financial
Publishing 1992. Classic land buying guide; includes useful property
Nine Steps to Financial Freedom. Suze Orman Random House 1997. Easy to
understand and practical. Basic tips for getting your personal finances
Small Is Beautiful: Economics as if People Mattered. F. Schumacker
Harper Collins. The author recommends decentralized localized life
styles. He outlines a series of proposals intended to save the planet
from economic and environmental collapse.
Your Money or Your Life: Transforming Your Relationship with Money and
Achieving Financial Independence. Joe Dominguez Penguin, USA 1993. The
focus is on finding satisfaction with your life-Recommends how to save
money on all aspects of living.
The Greening of the Revolution: Cuba’s Experiment with Organic
Agriculture. Peter Rosset and Medea Benjamin. Ocean Press, 2017 Mission
Street S.F. Ca. 94110. 1994. Cuba has lost its sources for conventional
farming, empty city lots and other available land is being converted to
Radical Agriculture. Ed. Richard Merrill. Harper Colophon Books 1976.
20 Essays that summarize the ecological, physical, and, social
characteristics of a radical agriculture.
The Unsettling of America, and The Gift of the Land, and What Are
People for?. Wendell Berry. Just a few of the books by this prolific
poet, visionary, and humanistic author.
Women , Ecology, and Development. Zed Books, 1989. Vandana Shiva. Shiva
examines women’s relationship to nature and defines the links between
the ecological crisis, colonialism, and the oppression of women.
Rebirth of the Small Family Farm. Bob and Bonnie Gregson. IMF
Associates, PO Box 2542, Vashon Island, Wa. 98070. A handbook for
starting a successful organic farm based on the Community Supported
Marketing Without Advertising. Creative strategies for small Business
Success Phillips and Rasberry Nolo Press, Berkeley. 1986. Great
resource on how to promote your self and business.
You Can Farm: The Entrepreneur’s Guide to Starting and Succeeding in a
Farming Enterprise. Joel Salatin. 1998 Chelsea Green Publishing. This
book targets wannabe farmers- offering specific details on how to
succeed in farming.
General and Miscellaneous
The Ages of Gaia. Lovelock, James. Bantam NY/Toronto 1990. 2nd book on
the Gaia hypothesis by the originator, answers the questions raised by
the Gaia Hypothesis.
Before The Wilderness. Blackburn and Anderson, eds. Ballena, 1993.
Environmental Management by Native Californians.
The Earth Manual. Margolin, Malcom. Heyday Books, Berkeley, 1985. good
except the out-of-date tree surgery stuff; largely about working with
Ecodefense. Foreman, Dave, and Haywood, ed. Ned Ludd. Tucson, AZ, 1987.
A field guide to monkeywrenching; may be hard to find! Realistic and
cautionary about consequences, and recommended for those feeling
Five Kingdoms. Margulis, Lynn. Current wisdom on Gaia’s lifeforms.
The Future Eaters. Flannery, Tim, “An ecological History of
Austronesia” which means Oz, NZ, New Guinea and New Caledonia. Hard,
real eco-reality with examples quite exotic to us northerners. This
book gives me ideas about why Pc began in Oz.
The Klamath Knot. Wallace, David Rains. Sierra Club 1983 S.F.
“Explorations of Myth and Evolution” and centered on a region of the
The Ohlone Way. Margolin, Malcolm. Heyday Books Berkeley, 1978. Indian
Life in the S.F.- Monterey Bay area
One Acre & Security: How to Live Off the Earth Without Ruining It.
Angier, Bradford. Willow Creek, 2000. A useful and broad-ranging
resource for homesteading and small animal care.
The Songlines. Chatwin, Bruce. Ruminations from Australia about humans
as essentially nomadic.
Wintergreen. Pyle, R. M. Houghten-Mifflin, 1986. A natural history of
the Willapa Hills by a local lepidopterist and writer. Also try his
Handbookfor Butterfly Watchers, for indicator species!
In Grave Danger of Falling Food (1989) 56 min. “A whacky romp through
Mollison’s life as an outlaw. Cartoon cutaways and bizarre sound
effects seem stranger than Bill loping along the street in front of
Aussie suburban sleaze, guerrilla planting hazelnuts. A campy period
piece, this film tells the permaculture story with verve and
imagination.” (description from Permaculture Videos through Pc Activist)
The Global Gardener (1991) 120 min. Bill Mollison’s review of
permaculture accomplishments around the world. Made for Australain
Broadcasting Corp. and aired to national acclaim. Four 1/2 hour
segments highlight, subtropical, drylands, temperate, and urban systems
with footage from developed sites in India, South Africa, Australia,
The U.S., U.K. and Europe.
The Man Who Planted Trees (1985). Cartoon rendition of the book by Jean
Giono. This timeless and inspiring tale of one of man’s dedicated
efforts to reverse desolation is beautifully illustrated. Inspiring
message where there were no trees there now are many just by one
Crystal Waters (1989). This poor quality tape gives a brief look at the
rural development of the first permaculture village in Australia.
Offers a cross section of ages and professions.
Acres USA, P.O. Box 91299, Austin, TX 78709
Permaculture Activist, PO Bo 1209, Black Mountain, NC 28711.
Permaculture Magazine (UK) available thru the Activist.
Circle Round: The Women’s Natural Building Newsletter, PO Bo 14194,
Portland, OR 97293
Countryside and Small Stock Journal W11 564 Hwy. 64, Withee, WI 54498
Pomona. North American Fruit Explorers Magazine 1716 Apples Rd.,
Chapin, IL 62628
The Herbal Companion 201 East Fourth St. Loveland, CO. 80537
The Herb Quarterly PO Box 689 San Anselmo, CA 94979
The Last Straw, PO Bo 42000, Tucson, AZ 85733-2000
Ocean Arks International 10 Shanks Pond Rd. Falmouth, Ma. 02540
(outgrowth of the New Alchemy Institute)
My thanks to Rick Valley and Jude Hobbs for their contributions to this